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ietnam surpassed India to become the largest buyer of Chin

a’s photovoltaic products. Export value to Vietnam rose 239 times to $739 million in the fi

rst quarter, taking up 16.8 percent of China’s total photovoltaic export value.

With the European Union ending its anti-dumping and anti-subsidy meas

ures, photovoltaic exports from China to Europe also saw large increase in Q1.

The country’s photovoltaic products export volume to the Netherlands and Spain increased 1,049.6 percent and 158.3 perc

ent, respectively, in the first quarter, said the report. It predicted that the emerging markets, such as Mexico, Aus

tralia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates will further boost the export of China’s photovoltaic modules.

The export of China’s photovoltaic products to the United States dropped 28.9 pe

rcent to just 0.01 GW in the first quarter, the report said. The Section 201, Section 3

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On behalf of our hundreds of millions of footwear cons

sumers and hundreds of thousands of employees, we ask that you im

mediately stop this action to increase their tax burden,” the group said.

The group’s reasoning echoes an earlier comment from David French,

senior vice-president for government relations at the Nat

ional Retail Federation, who said, “Saying that China is paying these tariffs doesn’t hold water.”

About 99 percent of all shoes sold in the US are imported. Last year alo

ne, it imported 2.5 billion pairs, nearly 70 percent of which came from China, ma

king the Asian country the largest source for US shoe imports, according to statistics provided by the FDRA.

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HiSilicon, which was founded in 2004, has designed chip

ipsets like Kirin, which has been used in Huawei’s high-end smartphones. In addition to server chips, th

e company has also developed chips for base stations, basebands and chipsets powered by artificial intelligence.

“From chips to its self-developed operating system, Huawei has

long been preparing for independent research and development in core technologies. It has the abil

ity to adjust to changes in the global market,” said Xiang Ligang, director-general of the Information Consumption Alliance.

Huawei has also made preparations with core chipsets. Existing s

tocks are thought to provide the company with a buffer of six months to a year, he said.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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Opening up of film market leads to vibrancy

the 22nd film of Marvel Cinematic Universe, has made more than $2 billion globally wit

h over $576 million, nearly a third of the total, being contributed by the Chinese market.

The percentage of Hollywood films contributing to China’s box office has witnessed a gradual decline in recent years

thanks to the rise of successful Chinese films including The Wandering Earth and Dying to Survive.

Due to its explosive growth in third-and fourth-tier cities, the Chinese movie market is certainly poised to become the larg

est in the world in the not too distant future. Last year, China’s total box office exceeded 60 billion yuan ($8.9 billion), gra

dually closing the gap with the United States whose box office was about $11.6 billion. China has become such a form

idable force in the global film industry that international film producers cannot afford to overlook it.

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Government pledges more red tape cuts of items requiri

China will further cut the number of items requiring certificatio

n and refine the procedures through institutional inno

vation to improve government services and foster a more enabling business environment.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting, chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Sunday.

Participants at the meeting agreed that the government’s efforts in recent years to repeal unwarranted certification requ

irements and deepen the reform of government functions have produced notable results.

“These are crucial steps benefiting both companies and individuals

,” Li said. “At a time when the economy still faces uncertainties, removing these unjustified cer

tification requirements will help boost market vitality and improve the business environment.”

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hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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Xi’s speech on opening-up is well receivedpolicies

President lays out proposals to encourage foreign investment, guarantee fair competition

The measures that President Xi Jinping recently proposed to encourage foreign investment and further opening-up in Ch

ina are welcome developments that address the international community’s concerns, according to experts.

“The promises made are very positive, and all of them are helpful,” William Over

holt, senior research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, said of Xi’s keynote speech at the

opening of the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing.

Xi brought up a series of reform and opening-up measures, including expanding market acce

ss for foreign investment in more areas and working harder to ensure the implementation of opening-up policies.

China’s pledges included shortening its negative list for foreign investments, opening up more sect

ors to foreign businesses, guaranteeing fair competition and planning new free-trade zones and ports.

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A PLA Navy carrier battle group sails in formation. en active in

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy has been active in pr

oviding security products for the international community since its founding, Qiu said.

The navy has paid over 100 visits to 94 countries and 138 ports, and has held more th

an 60 joint military drills with foreign navies over the 70 years, according to Qiu.

Since 2008, the navy has sent 32 escort fleets, 103 vessels, 69 helicopters and more than 27,000 officers and soldiers to escor

t over 6,600 vessels, more than a half of which were foreign merchant ships, he added.

Since 2010, the naval hospital ship Peace Ark has traveled to 43 countries and regions and provided free medical servi

ces to over 230,000 people, Qiu said.Under the current IPO system, new shares are subject to approval from t

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