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Last month, the central government issued a guideline on

promoting the application of e-buses, by supporting technology innovation, improving fiscal

and taxation policies, enhancing infrastructure construction, as well as reinforcing fund supervision.

“It is estimated that in the future, China’s e-bus market will transform to a more market-driven pattern, instead of policy-driv

en. The market will shift from an incremental market to a stock market, maintaining steady growth,” he said.

Bloomberg New Energy Finance estimates that EVs will attain price parity by the mid 2020s, as lithium battery pric

es have been falling. From 2010 to 2018, lithium battery prices dropped by over 85 percent, with an annual average decl

ine rate of 20 percent. And the decline, with the same rate, is estimated to continue for the next few years.

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Xi calls for bolstering reform, developmentonomic gro

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, called on Wednesday for further efforts to prevent and eliminate major

problems in the nation’s reform and development against the backdrop that uncertainties and instabilities are on the rise.

Xi, also Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, made the remarks whil

e presiding over a key meeting of the Central Committee for Deepening Overall Reform. He is the director of the committee.

Saying China is facing profound changes in its reform and development against the backdro

p of increasing external uncertain and unstable factors, Xi said the country must maintain a strategic focus.

Substantial and resolute efforts must be made to prevent major contra

dictions and outstanding problems through coordinated planning and targeted mea

sures to make reform better serve the country’s economic and social development, Xi said.

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employment market, based on big data of online recruit

 this year was 1.68, down from 1.91 in the first quarter of 2018. Although the figure was above 1, the balance line, it was the first decline since the beginning of 2018.

About 8.34 million new college graduates and 2 million migrant workers are expected to enter the job market this year. Added to the list of job seekers woul

d be those who lose their jobs because of the industrial structural transformation and special type of job see

kers such as veterans. This means at least 12 million urban jobs have to be created this year.

Still, the employment pressure this year is not overbearing for two re

asons. First, the number of job seekers has not increased considerably from last year.

In fact, the number and ratio of China’s working-age people have both d

eclined for the seventh consecutive year. Over the past seven years, China’s working-age

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China is the world’s largest producer of rare earths, acco

counting for about 80 percent of global supply. However, the country’s rare-earth industry is faced with such pro

blems as rapidly decreasing inventory, inefficient production and environmental pollution.

Analysts also said that the low prices of China’s exports have failed to reflect the real value of the precious resource.

The division of labor of the global rare-earth industry should be coo

rdinated in accordance with the principle of opening-up and sharing, the NDRC said.

While the country prioritizes the domestic use of rare-earth meta

ls, it is willing to see its exports help drive the development of global industries, it said.

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The strong earthquake was also felt in parts of Ecuador

 FTSE Russell, a leading global multi-asset index, data and analytics provider, said Satur

day that it will add Chinese A shares to its widely-tracked global benchmarks next month.

The addition will be officially effective after the close of share markets on June 24.

According to the plan of FTSE Russell, this move marks the first stage of incorporatin

g Chinese shares into its indexes. In this stage, 1,097 Chinese stocks, or 20 percent of A shares, will be bro

ught into the indexes, drawing an expected $10 billion from passive investors.

FTSE Russell will add 40 percent of A shares to its indexes in September, and another 40 percent in March next year.

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ietnam surpassed India to become the largest buyer of Chin

a’s photovoltaic products. Export value to Vietnam rose 239 times to $739 million in the fi

rst quarter, taking up 16.8 percent of China’s total photovoltaic export value.

With the European Union ending its anti-dumping and anti-subsidy meas

ures, photovoltaic exports from China to Europe also saw large increase in Q1.

The country’s photovoltaic products export volume to the Netherlands and Spain increased 1,049.6 percent and 158.3 perc

ent, respectively, in the first quarter, said the report. It predicted that the emerging markets, such as Mexico, Aus

tralia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates will further boost the export of China’s photovoltaic modules.

The export of China’s photovoltaic products to the United States dropped 28.9 pe

rcent to just 0.01 GW in the first quarter, the report said. The Section 201, Section 3

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On behalf of our hundreds of millions of footwear cons

sumers and hundreds of thousands of employees, we ask that you im

mediately stop this action to increase their tax burden,” the group said.

The group’s reasoning echoes an earlier comment from David French,

senior vice-president for government relations at the Nat

ional Retail Federation, who said, “Saying that China is paying these tariffs doesn’t hold water.”

About 99 percent of all shoes sold in the US are imported. Last year alo

ne, it imported 2.5 billion pairs, nearly 70 percent of which came from China, ma

king the Asian country the largest source for US shoe imports, according to statistics provided by the FDRA.

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HiSilicon, which was founded in 2004, has designed chip

ipsets like Kirin, which has been used in Huawei’s high-end smartphones. In addition to server chips, th

e company has also developed chips for base stations, basebands and chipsets powered by artificial intelligence.

“From chips to its self-developed operating system, Huawei has

long been preparing for independent research and development in core technologies. It has the abil

ity to adjust to changes in the global market,” said Xiang Ligang, director-general of the Information Consumption Alliance.

Huawei has also made preparations with core chipsets. Existing s

tocks are thought to provide the company with a buffer of six months to a year, he said.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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